How To Cite A Chicago Format Research Paper: 8 Fundamental Rules?

The Chicago Manual of Style is a guiding manual to write English literature which includes books, academic papers, thesis or research papers, journals and other composition. This specific set of rules or style guide was composed and published by University of Chicago Press in the year 1906. Today, it is one of the most accepted styles in English, followed by many academicians and writers across the world. It is very easy to follow and use. Till date Chicago style of English writing has published 16 editions. This style guides various facets of writing like how to use abbreviation, align the text, what font style is best to use, when to capitalize letters, when to use hyphen, how to number a page or how to cite references.

Citing references has many rules which need to be religiously followed. It depends on the type of article that is being cited.

The following informations are all or some required during citation as composed by this kind of English writing:

  1. Author

  2. Title of the research article or journal or book or newspaper

  3. Publication year, month and date

  4. Name of the publisher

  5. Where the article has been published, which includes the name of the country and the city

  6. Page numbers

  7. In case of articles which have been taken from the internet, the URL or DOI needs to be provided

Eight fundamental rules of citation that is to be followed in a Chicago format research paper:

  1. If there is one author, use surname in full first followed by the initials of the first name intervened by a comma between the surname and the first name like: Surname, T.

  2. If there are two authors: Surname, T., and P. Surname

  3. If there are more than two authors: Surname, T., Surname, P., and R. Surname

  4. If there are more than 10 authors, list first seven authors intervened by comma and end the citation with ‘and et. al.’

  5. The entire bibliography should be organized in alphabetical order of the surname of the first author in each article.

  6. If two authors have same surname but have contributed different works, then the citation should be alphabetically arranged in the reference list based on their first name.

  7. If an article has been contributed by a group or company and there is no specific author mentioned then the first letter of the group name should be considered for the position of the article in the reference list.

  8. To cite an article in a journal: Ranga Rao, A., & M. K. Samanta. , ‘’Structural style of the Naga overthrust belt and its implication on exploration.’’ Bulletin of the Oil and Natural Gas Commission, 24, (1987): 69–109.

  9. To cite a book: Surname, First M. Name of the book. City: Publisher, Year of publication

Determine the research methods appropriate

This is one of the chapters that makes or breaks your paper.


You have to present your methods clearly. The methods that you use will also have to go hand in hand with the manner in which you write the title. Anything on the contrary will make your paper crude.


  • Select relevant examples for your paper

    Examples are a really good way for you to get your paper more reasonable. With the right examples, you are able to make your work easier since you barely have to explain some concepts. Things will easily fall into place when you do this.

  • If you can follow these simple instructions, there is nothing more you will ever have to worry about in terms of the work you are doing.

“   The final, deciding factor of any paper is the conclusion, it is in this section that you directly informs your readers of your findings. Keep it short and to the point, ensuring that it is fully supported by your presented information.  ”

–   Nick Witty
Essential Writing Help For Students Working On Their Term Paper Projects.